How functional neuroimaging is informing cognitive neurobiological models of auditory verbal hallucinations

Introduction Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), or “hearing voices”, are a complex phenomenon characterised by abnormal perceptions of speech occurring in the absence of an appropriate external stimulus.1 Hallucinations of this modality hold great diagnostic significance, with Schneider’s (1959) first-rank symptoms of schizophrenia (including AVHs) still recognised today by major classification systems such as the International […]

Not just a four-letter word: The role of neuroendocrine factors in romantic love

The dopamine reward pathway

Introduction In his poem ‘Love’s Trinity’, Victorian poet laureate Alfred Austin presents a holistic view of love, describing its impact on both our psyche and physiology:1,2 ‘Soul, heart, and body, we thus singly name, Are not in love divisible and distinct, But each with each inseparably link’d’ (A Austin).3 Romantic love has influenced literature and […]