The impact of a county-wide lithium monitoring database

What is lithium?
In the 5th century AD a Roman physician was reputed to have recommended the use of alkaline waters to patients suffering with mental disorders. The effect of these waters on their mental state is thought to be due to the lithium levels found in them (Marmol 2008). Since the 1800s lithium has been used to treat recurrent depression and other depressive states. It is now the ’Gold standard‘ treatment for bipolar disorder (manic-depression), both for mania and relapse prevention. Lithium is also used with other antidepressant treatments in difficult to treat depression (Cade 1949; Collins, Barnes et al. 2010).