Nocturnal light exposure and mood disorders

Milan, Italy in 2015

Introduction For millions of years prior to the widespread use of electricity, humans were exposed to minimal amounts of nocturnal light in comparison to modern times. During clear starry nights, light exposure was limited to around 0.001 lux, and no artificial light sources existed until the use of fire, an ability that is estimated to […]

Deciphering the biology behind psychiatric risk genes

Genetic studies that scan the genomes of psychiatric patients are becoming increasingly good at identifying ‘risk genes’ associated with disorders such as schizophrenia, autism and intellectual disability. However, we still know very little about the biological actions and pathways that are being genetically encoded within these risk genes. Understanding the biology behind the vulnerability to […]

The neuroeconomics of drug use

Neuroeconomics is an interdisciplinary research field, which emerged in the early 2000s, made up of a combination of cognitive neuroscience, psychology and behavioural economics. The primary aims of neuroeconomics are to: identify which brain regions encode subjective value (Chib, Rangel, Shimojo, & O’Doherty, 2009; Peters & Büchel, 2010); understand the brain mechanisms that underpin decision-making […]